Child Custody Child Visitation Divorce Family Law

Child Visitation Supervision

Often times a court will rule one parent has “supervised child visitation” rights. Type of supervision will fall under two categories: nonprofessional and professional. Here’s what it means for visitation to be “supervised.”

“Supervised Child Visitation”

California’s law governing child custody awards is based on protecting the best interest of a child. Because of these, a judge will sometimes rule that a child only have contact with a parent when a neutral third party, or supervisor, is present. Thus, “supervised” visitation.

Reasons for Ruling for Supervision

A judge may decide on supervised visitation for many reasons. These can include, but are not limited to the following:

  • A visiting parent might need an opportunity to address a specific issue.
  • When a parent and child are reintroduced after a long period of absence.
  • When a parent is first being introduced to a child
  • When a parent has a history of domestic violence, child abuse and neglect, or substance abuse.
  • When concerns about mental illness have been expressed
  • When there is a potential abduction threat.

In addition to a “supervised” ruling, the court will also order specific times and durations for the meetings. The court will also specify what type of supervision will be required during the visits: either professional or non-professional.

Professional and Non-Professional Supervision

There are two types of supervision: professional and non-professional. Non-professional providers are usually family members or friends. A professional provider is trained and experienced in child visitation visits. For a fee or service, they attend the visits. They also follow a standard uniform of practice.

A provider’s main purpose for attendance is to keep the child or children safe during the visit. They must not only be present the entire time, but are also required to listen to what is being said, while also closely monitoring the child’s or children’s behavior. If the supervisor deems it necessary, they are able to interrupt or end a visit. They are required by law to report suspected child abuse.


Source: California Courts, Supervised Visitation, 2014

Divorce Law LA, Esq.

Divorce Law LA

33 S. Catalina Ave. Ste. 202

Pasadena, Ca. 91106

(626) 478-3550

Child Custody Child Support Child Visitation Divorce

Parental Rights Initiation: The Question of Equal Child Custody

In North Dakota’s recent 2014 election, there was an interesting voter initiative on the ballot – the “Parental Rights Initiative.” If it had passed (it was defeated 62% to 38%) it would have required courts to award “equal parenting time” to both parents either in the separation process, or divorce. Though the law didn’t pass, it does shine a light on the on-going debate about how child custody cases are decided.

History of Child Custody

The issue of deciding child custody has a long history in the nation. Colonial Americans, following English rule, maintained that a father should retain the custody of his children upon divorce.  This was standard practice until the early 20th century, when motherhood and women as “caregivers” became the norm. As divorce became more common during the 1960’s, there was a large shift towards gender equality and the importance of both parents in a child’s upbringing.

Custody Indivisible

Despite the shifts between one parent being favored over the other, one thing remained true: custody was indivisible. One parent would raise the child, while the other parent would have visiting rights.  But shared custody has become more socially and legally accepted as parents have started shouldering more equal parenting responsibilities. And rather than relying on judges to determine “in the best interest of the child,” separating and divorcing parents have started to take on the task of creating their own enforcable “parenting plans” for their children.

Parenting Plans

Parenting plans are custody agreements, often put together with the help of a mediator. They are meant to be flexible, but also detailed, outlining each parent’s responsibility in the raising of the child. This idea of coming to an agreement fits more in line with healthy child development. An agreed to plan means the child does not get stuck between warring parents duking it out in damaging litigation. It can create a more harmonious living situation for all involved, and most importantly, for the child who is caught in the middle.

For advice on child custody, you need the expert law firm of Divorce Law LA. Schedule a consultation today.

Source: The Washington Post, There’s a great way to figure out child custody. Most divorce courts don’t use it., November 14, 2014

Divorce Law LA, Esq.

Divorce Law LA

33 S. Catalina Ave. Ste. 202

Pasadena, Ca. 91106

(626) 478-3550